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Business Discussion 1

Business Discussion 1

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Business Discussion 1 TWO DISCUSSION QUESTIONS, NO PLAGIARISM

Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger | 21

Marked differences in hunger prevalence
persist across regions

Proportion of undernourished people,
1990¬1992 and 2014¬2016 (percentage)

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

Developing regions

Caucasus and Central Asia

Western Asia

South-Eastern Asia

Eastern Asia

Oceania

Southern Asia

Caribbean

Sub-Saharan Africa

Latin America

Northern Africa

1990¬92 2014¬16 projection

2015 target

33

23

23

23

14

14

14

10

88

7

6

16

16

24

27

31

20

10

<5

<5

<5

13

The rate of hunger reduction varies widely by region. The
Caucasus and Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Latin America
and South-Eastern Asia have reached the hunger target,
due mainly to rapid economic growth in the past two
decades. China alone accounts for almost two thirds
of the total reduction in the number of undernourished
people in the developing regions since 1990. Northern
Africa is close to eradicating severe food insecurity,
having attained an overall level below 5 per cent.

In contrast, the pace of reduction in the Caribbean,
Oceania, Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa has
been too slow to achieve the target. Southern Asia faces
the greatest hunger burden, with about 281 million
undernourished people. Progress in Oceania has been
slow because of heavy dependence on food imports
by the small islands that constitute the majority of
countries in that region. Food security in this region is
also hampered by natural and human-caused disasters,
which often result in volatile prices and sudden and
unpredictable changes in the availability of important
staple foods.

In sub-Saharan Africa, projections for the 2014–2016
period indicate a rate of undernourishment of almost 23
per cent. While the hunger rate has fallen, the number of
undernourished people has increased by 44 million since
1990, reflecting the region’s high population growth
rate. The situation varies widely across the subregions.
Northern, Southern and Western Africa have already
met or are close to meeting the target. But in Central
Africa progress has been hampered by rapid population
growth and environmental fragility as well as economic
and political upheaval. The number of undernourished
people in the subregion has doubled since 1990.

In Western Asia, a starkly different pattern emerges.
Despite a relatively low number of undernourished
people and fast progress in reducing food insecurity
in several countries, projections indicate that the
prevalence of undernourishment will rise by 32 per cent
between 1990–1992 and 2014–2016 due to war, civil
unrest and a rapidly growing number of refugees.

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