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CJEL M1.2. 250 WORDS Because our choices have a universal element, it could be argued that morality requires universal responsibility – a responsibility no

CJEL M1.2. 250 WORDS Because our choices have a universal element, it could be argued that morality requires universal responsibility – a responsibility no

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CJEL M1.2. 250 WORDS Because our choices have a universal element, it could be argued that morality requires universal responsibility – a responsibility not only to our immediate circle of influence but also to the entire global community (even future generations). In what way is the idea of universal responsibility applicable to criminal justice?  What, if any, responsibilities do we have to rectify injustice or promote justice on a global scale?

Discussion Board Guidelines:  After answering these questions, using the materials and ideas we reviewed up until this point, 250 WORDS Criminal Justice 2011

CCJ4054

Criminal Justice Ethics

and Liability

Chapter 1:

Criminal Justice and

the Study of Morality

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

HEADLINES OF INTRIGUE

• Genarlow Wilson

• Armin Meiwes

• Kathryn Johnston

2

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

ETHICS AND MORALITY

• What is morally “right,” “wrong,” “good,” “bad,”

“obligatory,” and “permissible;

• Effort to understand and justify moral concepts,

principles, and theories;

• Effort to establish principles of moral behavior that can

serve as guides;

• Investigating important values and virtues for leading

and living the “good” life.

3

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

THE MORAL PROBLEM OF PUNISHMENT

• How can we justify intentionally inflicting evil

upon other human beings?

• What justifications can you think of for

punishing criminals?

• What justifications might exist for dealing with

criminal offenders in ways other than

punishment?

4

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

NEVER KILL AN INNOCENT
HUMAN BEING

• Is this a worthwhile principle?

• Are there legitimate exceptions and why?

• Does the concept conflict with other important
principles?

• Do some “trump” others when there is a conflict?

• Who decides this and by what process?

• What if killing an innocent human being can save the
lives of ten other innocent human beings?

• What is a “human being”?

• What constitutes innocence?

5

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

WHY ETHICS WHEN WE HAVE LAWS?

• Laws Can Be Immoral

• Laws Are Not Infallible

• Right Does Not Always Make Good

• Law Is Not Inclusive of All Moral Concerns

• It Is Not Enough to Do the Right Thing

• Jury Nullification

6

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

MORALITY, ETHICAL INQUIRY,
& CRIMINAL JUSTICE

• Criminal Justice Practice

• Laws and Lawmaking

• Social Justice

7

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

MORAL REQUIREMENTS OF
CRIMINAL JUSTICE

• Authority

• Power

• Discretion

8

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

MORAL REQUIREMENTS IN
CRIMINAL JUSTICE

• Criminal Justice Agents as Public

Servants

• Individual Behavior Reflects Institutional

Morality

9

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

PROFESSIONAL CODE OF CONDUCT

1. Enforcement

2. Minimalism

3. Codes Are External

4. Ethics Are Internal

5. Moral Dilemmas

6. Discretion

7. Limited practical utility

8. Situational factors

10

© 2012 by Pearson Higher Education, Inc
Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 • All Rights Reserved

MORALITY and ETHICAL INQUIRY

• What is “justice” and a “just” society?

• What is the “good” life?

• How does morality function to promote justice (or fail

to do so)?

• How does morality further our interest in living a good

life?

• How does morality further our interest in living a good

life?

11

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