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DISCUSSION 2 Discussion 2 – Brain Localization and Mind Limits Step 1: Watch Green, “Meet Your Master: Getting to Know Your Brain” Step 2: Read Alex Hutc

DISCUSSION 2 Discussion 2 – Brain Localization and Mind Limits

Step 1: Watch Green, “Meet Your Master: Getting to Know Your Brain”

Step 2: Read Alex Hutc

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DISCUSSION 2 Discussion 2 – Brain Localization and Mind Limits

Step 1: Watch Green, “Meet Your Master: Getting to Know Your Brain”

Step 2: Read Alex Hutchinson’s interview at https://www.theverge.com/2018/2/18/17003304/alex-hutchinson-endure-fitness-science-health-exercise-running-body-limits. Or feel free to listen to his podcast at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XHexNzaXY-4. The transcript is available by clicking on the 3-dot ellipsis below the video.

Step 3: Read this discussion of the evidence mentioned in the podcast in Step 2: https://www.outsideonline.com/2112241/fatigue-all-your-head

Step 4: Address the following questions in discussion in one paragraph for each of the three question items:

Questions

1. Choose two parts of the brain described in Step 1 for this week and discuss how they might be related in function. How might a neuron in one structure depend for its function on what is happening in a neuron in the other structure?

2. Draw a conclusion about the way we localize functions in the brain: Was Broca justified in labeling a speech center in the brain with so few patients? How many brains are necessary to draw a conclusion? What does localization mean, after all? There is no strictly right or wrong answer to this question, but only thoughtful responses.

3. Describe an example in your own experience of misattributing a body function to a mental function or misattributing a mental function to a body function. For example, did doing chores as a kid really make you tired?

4. Post responses of 75 to 100 words each to two of your fellow class members. · Choose two parts of the brain described in Step 1 for this week and discuss how they might be related in function. How might a neuron in one structure depend for its function on what is happening in a neuron in the other structure?

Two parts of the brain I would like to talk about are the Cerebellum, which is a main source for Learning, memory, perception of time, modulating emotions, etc. I would also like to talk about the Limbic system. The Limbic System has four functions. The Hypothalamus which regulates body temperature, circadian rhythms, hunger, etc. The Amygdala which is two lima bean sized clusters of neurons in charge of memory, consolidation and hunger. The Hippocampus which is central to learning and memory. Lastly, the Pituitary Gland, which secretes many different hormones some of which effect other glands. The possible connection between the Cerebellum and the Limbic System are that their functions are almost identical. With neurons working between the two they both can depend on helping their similar functions and make sure each is running effectively. 

· Draw a conclusion about the way we localize functions in the brain: Was Broca justified in labeling a speech center in the brain with so few patients? How many brains are necessary to draw a conclusion? What does localization mean, after all? There is no strictly right or wrong answer to this question, but only thoughtful responses.

After reading the article I do agree. I do think that the way we think or see perspectives impacts mind over body. I think there is no set number of brains needed to draw any conclusion. I think this will always be an unanswered question. Everyone is different and we cannot control the way everyone’s minds work. Even if we were to run tests to see the change in neurons for different functions it changes what the body can handle. Pushing oneself especially in sports or for goals etc. will always be powerful because of the mind. The body does what the mind tells you to do therefor your thoughts and visuals will always be the biggest effect. 

 

· Describe an example in your own experience of misattributing a body function to a mental function or misattributing a mental function to a body function. For example, did doing chores as a kid really make you tired?

I think for me as a kid I always was outside playing and always hated when I had to go to the bathroom. I thought I would miss some huge life changing event. So basically, forcing myself to hold my bladder when my bladder really needed to be relieved. This was misattributing a mental function to a body function. As I grew older, I was athletic. I loved sports and working out. I found times I didn’t pushed myself during practice, during workouts or even a game. I wasn’t injured or anything I just allowed my body not to move when really, I needed to get in a better mindset. This would have been a body function to a mental function. 

 

CLASSMATE 2

· Choose two parts of the brain described in Step 1 for this week and discuss how they might be related in function. How might a neuron in one structure depend for its function on what is happening in a neuron in the other structure?

1. 1.Two parts of the brain I believe are strongly related are the hypothalamus and the motor cortex. The hypothalamus is responsible for regulating body temperature, circadian rhythms, and hunger, it also helps govern the endocrine system. It allows us to feel both pleasure and reward. The motor cortex controls voluntary movements and sounds, it sends messages from your brain out to your body. One example of how the two parts of the brain can be related is, if the hypothalamus detects that your body is hungry, the motor cortex will send a message from your brain to your body asking for food. Thus, you will then eat, to cure this hunger.

 

· Draw a conclusion about the way we localize functions in the brain: Was Broca justified in labeling a speech center in the brain with so few patients? How many brains are necessary to draw a conclusion? What does localization mean, after all? There is not strictly right or wrong answer to this question, but only thoughtful responses.

2. I do not believe Broca was justified in labeling a speech center in the brain. According to SciHi Blog Paul Broca only tested 13 patients to prove this to be true. In my opinion there needs to be hundreds of patients, with the same conclusion to label a portion of the brain. According to IB Psych, “Brain localization refers to the idea that brain is made up of specialized modules (to put it simply, different parts), and that each module has a certain function.” This simply means each part of the brain does its own function.

· Describe an example in your own experience of misattributing a body function to a mental function or misattributing a mental function to a body function. For example, did doing chores as a kid really make you tired?

2. One personal example of misattributing a body function for a mental function for me is how I relate schoolwork and housework. On the weekends I like to do all my housework and schoolwork on the same day. I always try to do my schoolwork first, because in my head I always think if I do physical work first, I’ll be too tired to do my homework. This is misattributing because in reality I won’t be too tired.

References

Brain localization. (n.d.). Welcome to IB Psych Matters.  https://www.ibpsychmatters.com/brain-localization

Broca’s area is the brain’s scriptwriter, shaping speech, study finds – 02/17/2015. (n.d.). Johns Hopkins Medicine, based in Baltimore, Maryland.  https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/media/releases/brocas_area_is_the_brains_scriptwriter_shaping_speech_study_finds

Meet Your Master – Getting to Know Your Brain: Crash Course Psychology #4. (2014, February 24). YouTube.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vHrmiy4W9C0&t=388s

Paul Broca’s research in the causes for aphasia. (2016, July 9). SciHi Blog.  https://scihi.org/paul-broca-research-aphasia/

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