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Discussion Post Alabama Energy and Employment Overview Alabama has an average concentration of energy employment, with 49,320 Traditional Energy worker

Discussion Post Alabama Energy and Employment
Overview
Alabama has an average concentration of energy employment, with 49,320 Traditional Energy worker

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Discussion Post Alabama Energy and Employment
Overview
Alabama has an average concentration of energy employment, with 49,320 Traditional Energy workers

statewide. 10,838 of these workers are in the Fuels sector, 29,438 work in Transmission, Wholesale

Distribution, and Storage, and 9,045 workers are employed in Electric Power Generation. 1.5% of the

Traditional Energy jobs across the U.S. are located in Alabama. The traditional energy sector in Alabama

is 2.6% of total state employment (compared to 2.4% of national employment).

Alabama has an additional 30,203 jobs in Energy Efficiency (1.4% of all energy efficiency jobs

nationwide) and 63,174 in motor vehicles (2.6% of all motor vehicle jobs nationwide).

Figure 1. Employment by Major Technology

Technology Breakdown

Electric Power Generation
The Electric Power Generation segment employs 9,045 workers in Alabama, 1.1% of the national total.

Traditional fossil fuel generation makes up the largest segment with 3,390 jobs, followed by wind at

1,077 jobs.

9,045
10,838

29,438 30,203

63,174

Electric Power
Generation

Fuels Transmission,
Distribution,
and Storage

Energy
Efficiency

Motor Vehicles

Figure 2. Electric Power Generation Employment by Sub Technology

Utilities are responsible for most of the employment in Electric Power Generation, with 84.3% of jobs.

Professional and business services employment represents 7.2% of the total.

Figure 3. Electric Power Generation Employment by Industry Sectors

Fuels
Fuels account for 10,838 jobs in Alabama, 1.0% of the national total. Petroleum and other fossil fuels

represent the largest segment of fuel-related employment, with 3,398 jobs.

Figure 4. Fuel Employment by Sub Technology

760
1,077

350

1,657
1,529

204

3,468

Solar Electric
Generation

Wind Electric
Generation

Traditional
Hydroelectric
Generation

Natural Gas
Generation

Coal
Generation

Oil & Other
Fossil Fuel
Generation

Other
Generation

84.3%

1.3%
3.6%

3.5%
7.2% 0.1%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Mining and extraction jobs represent 30.6% of fuel jobs in Alabama.

Figure 5. Fuel Employment by Industry Sectors

Transmission, Distribution, and Storage
Transmission, distribution, and storage employment in Alabama represents 2.2% of the national total in

the segment.

Figure 6. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Sub Technology

2,540

3,398

912

54 8

1,047

2,880

Coal Oil & Other
Petroleum

Natural Gas Corn Ethanol Other Ethanol
/ Non-woody

Biomass

Woody
Biomass

Other Fuels

9.3%

30.6%

0.0%

26.3%

10.0%

22.5%

1.3%

Agriculture and Forestry

Mining

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Utilities employ the largest percentage of Transmission, Distribution, and Storage jobs in Alabama, with

40.8% of jobs statewide.

Figure 7. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Industry Sectors

Energy Efficiency
The 30,203 energy efficiency jobs in Alabama represents 1.4% of all energy efficiency jobs nationally.

The largest number of these employees work in advanced materials and insulation firms, followed by

traditional HVAC. Energy Efficiency employment is found in the construction industry.

Figure 8. Energy Efficiency Employment by Sub Technology

15,972

1,059
272

12,135

Traditional Transmission
and Distribution

Storage Smart Grid Micro Grid & Other

40.8%

39.9%

4.5%

13.4%
1.4%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Figure 9. Energy Efficiency Employment by Industry Sectors

Motor Vehicles
Motor vehicle employment accounts for 63,174 jobs in Alabama, with the most jobs found in

manufacturing.

Figure 10. Motor Vehicle Employment by Industry Sectors

817

5,205
2,638

18,937

2,607

Energy Star &
Efficient Lighting

Traditional HVAC High Efficiency &
Renewable Heating

& Cooling

Advanced Materials
and Insulation

Other

62.1%

25.3%

3.8%

8.8%

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

67.5%

8.9%

0.8%

18.7%

4.1%

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Repair and
Maintenance

Commodity Flows

Workforce Characteristics

Hiring Difficulty
Figure 13. Hiring Difficulty by Major Technology

Technology
Very

difficult
Somewhat

difficult
Not at all
difficult

DK/NA

Electric Power Generation NA NA NA NA

Electric Power Transmission, Distribution, and
Storage

NA NA NA NA

Energy Efficiency 45.5% 45.5% 9.1% 0.0%

Fuels 14.3% 71.4% 0.0% 14.3%

Transportation, including Motor Vehicles NA NA NA NA

Component Parts for Transportation Vehicles NA NA NA NA

Alaska Energy and Employment
Overview
Alaska has a high concentration of energy employment, with 21,027 Traditional Energy workers

statewide. 13,504 of these workers are in the Fuels sector, 6,199 work in Transmission, Wholesale

Distribution, and Storage, and 1,324 workers are employed in Electric Power Generation. 0.6% of the

Traditional Energy jobs across the U.S. are located in Alaska. The traditional energy sector in Alaska is

6.6% of total state employment (compared to 2.4% of national employment).

Alaska has an additional 4,421 jobs in Energy Efficiency (0.2% of all energy efficiency jobs nationwide)

and 3,460 in motor vehicles (.1% of all motor vehicle jobs nationwide).

Figure 1. Employment by Major Technology

Technology Breakdown

Electric Power Generation
The Electric Power Generation segment employs 1,324 workers in Alaska, 0.2% of the national total.

Traditional fossil fuel generation makes up the largest segment with 532 jobs, followed by traditional

hydroelectric generation at 469 jobs.

1,324

13,504

6,199

4,421
3,460

Electric Power
Generation

Fuels Transmission,
Distribution,
and Storage

Energy
Efficiency

Motor Vehicles

Figure 2. Electric Power Generation Employment by Sub Technology

Utilities are responsible for most of the employment in Electric Power Generation, with 43.7% of jobs.

Construction employment represents 26.8% of the total.

Figure 3. Electric Power Generation Employment by Industry Sectors

Fuels
Fuels account for 13,504 jobs in Alaska, 1.2% of the national total. Petroleum and other fossil fuels

represent the largest segment of fuel-related employment, with 7,395 jobs.

Figure 4. Fuel Employment by Sub Technology

98

37

469

293

88

151
188

Solar Electric
Generation

Wind Electric
Generation

Traditional
Hydroelectric
Generation

Natural Gas
Generation

Coal
Generation

Oil & Other
Fossil Fuel
Generation

Other
Generation

43.7%

26.8%

4.5%

10.5%

13.1%
1.4%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Mining and extraction jobs represent 91.2% of fuel jobs in Alaska.

Figure 5. Fuel Employment by Industry Sectors

Transmission, Distribution, and Storage
Transmission, distribution, and storage employment in Alaska represents 0.5% of the national total in

the segment.

Figure 6. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Sub Technology

134

7,395

5,874

– – 45 55

Coal Oil & Other
Petroleum

Natural Gas Corn Ethanol Other Ethanol
/ Non-woody

Biomass

Woody
Biomass

Other Fuels

91.2%

3.5% 2.0%

Agriculture and Forestry

Mining

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Construction employs the largest percentage of Transmission, Distribution, and Storage jobs in Alaska,

with 50.6% of jobs statewide.

Figure 7. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Industry Sectors

Energy Efficiency
The 4,421 energy efficiency jobs in Alaska represents 0.2% of all energy efficiency jobs nationally. The

largest number of these employees work in high efficiency HVAC and renewable heating and cooling

firms, followed by advanced materials and insulation. Energy Efficiency employment is found in the

construction industry.

Figure 8. Energy Efficiency Employment by Sub Technology

4,250

267
25

1,657

Traditional Transmission
and Distribution

Storage Smart Grid Micro Grid & Other

16.5%

50.6%

0.4%

28.9%

3.5%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Figure 9. Energy Efficiency Employment by Industry Sectors

Motor Vehicles
Motor vehicle employment accounts for 3,460 jobs in Alaska, with the most jobs found in repair and

maintenance.

Figure 10. Motor Vehicle Employment by Industry Sectors

374
574

1,843

1,496

134

Energy Star &
Efficient Lighting

Traditional HVAC High Efficiency &
Renewable Heating

& Cooling

Advanced Materials
and Insulation

Other

80.5%

1.3%

7.3%

10.9%

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Workforce Characteristics

Hiring Difficulty
Figure 13. Hiring Difficulty by Major Technology

Technology
Very

difficult
Somewhat

difficult
Not at all
difficult

DK/NA

Electric Power Generation 12.5% 50.0% 37.5% 0.0%

Electric Power Transmission, Distribution, and
Storage

NA NA NA NA

Energy Efficiency 33.3% 33.3% 33.3% 0.0%

Fuels 0.0% 60.0% 40.0% 0.0%

Transportation, including Motor Vehicles NA NA NA NA

Component Parts for Transportation Vehicles NA NA NA NA

2.2%

28.0%

17.8%

50.8%

1.3%

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Repair and Maintenance

Commodity Flows

Arizona Energy and Employment
Overview
Arizona has a low concentration of energy employment, with 42,761 Traditional Energy workers

statewide. 1,081 of these workers are in the Fuels sector, 20,417 work in Transmission, Wholesale

Distribution, and Storage, and 21,263 workers are employed in Electric Power Generation. 1.3% of the

Traditional Energy jobs across the U.S. are located in Arizona. The traditional energy sector in Arizona is

1.6% of total state employment (compared to 2.4% of national employment).

Arizona has an additional 40,663 jobs in Energy Efficiency (1.9% of all energy efficiency jobs nationwide)

and 29,293 in motor vehicles (1.2% of all motor vehicle jobs nationwide).

Figure 1. Employment by Major Technology

Technology Breakdown

Electric Power Generation
The Electric Power Generation segment employs 21,263 workers in Arizona, 2.5% of the national total.

Traditional fossil fuel generation makes up the largest segment with 9,863 jobs, followed by solar at

9,774 jobs.

21,263

1,081

20,417

40,663

29,293

Electric Power
Generation

Fuels Transmission,
Distribution,
and Storage

Energy
Efficiency

Motor Vehicles

Figure 2. Electric Power Generation Employment by Sub Technology

Utilities are responsible for most of the employment in Electric Power Generation, with 33.5% of jobs.

Construction employment represents 26. % of the total.

Figure 3. Electric Power Generation Employment by Industry Sectors

Fuels
Fuels account for 1,081 jobs in Arizona, 0.1% of the national total. Coal represent the largest segment of

fuel-related employment, with 433 jobs.

Figure 4. Fuel Employment by Sub Technology

9,774

694
151

3,649

6,060

154
781

Solar Electric
Generation

Wind Electric
Generation

Traditional
Hydroelectric
Generation

Natural Gas
Generation

Coal
Generation

Oil & Other
Fossil Fuel
Generation

Other
Generation

33.5%

26.0%

11.2%

10.3%

18.2%

0.8%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Professional and business services jobs represent 59.7% of fuel jobs in Arizona.

Figure 5. Fuel Employment by Industry Sectors

Transmission, Distribution, and Storage
Transmission, distribution, and storage employment in Arizona represents 1.6% of the national total in

the segment.

Figure 6. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Sub Technology

433

303

174

52

64 56

Coal Oil & Other
Petroleum

Natural Gas Corn Ethanol Other Ethanol
/ Non-woody

Biomass

Woody
Biomass

Other Fuels

13.0%

5.5%

59.7%

Agriculture and Forestry

Mining

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Construction employs the largest percentage of Transmission, Distribution, and Storage jobs in Arizona,

with 41. % of jobs statewide.

Figure 7. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Industry Sectors

Energy Efficiency
The 40,663 energy efficiency jobs in Arizona represents 1.9% of all energy efficiency jobs nationally. The

largest number of these employees work in high efficiency HVAC and renewable heating and cooling

firms, followed by traditional HVAC. Energy Efficiency employment is found in the construction industry.

Figure 8. Energy Efficiency Employment by Sub Technology

12,919

1,845

165

5,489

Traditional Transmission
and Distribution

Storage Smart Grid Micro Grid & Other

35.1%

41.0%

1.7%

14.7%

7.5% 0.0%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Figure 9. Energy Efficiency Employment by Industry Sectors

Motor Vehicles
Motor vehicle employment accounts for 29,293 jobs in Arizona, with the most jobs found in repair and

maintenance.

Figure 10. Motor Vehicle Employment by Industry Sectors

6,515

9,188

11,868

7,751

5,342

Energy Star &
Efficient Lighting

Traditional HVAC High Efficiency &
Renewable Heating

& Cooling

Advanced Materials
and Insulation

Other

76.5%

3.1%
1.0%

19.4%

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Workforce Characteristics

Hiring Difficulty
Figure 13. Hiring Difficulty by Major Technology

Technology
Very

difficult
Somewhat

difficult
Not at all
difficult

DK/NA

Electric Power Generation 22.2% 50.0% 25.9% 1.9%

Electric Power Transmission, Distribution, and
Storage

NA NA NA NA

Energy Efficiency 39.4% 42.4% 15.2% 3.0%

Fuels NA NA NA NA

Transportation, including Motor Vehicles NA NA NA NA

Component Parts for Transportation Vehicles NA NA NA NA

9.4%

20.1%

3.0%

64.3%

3.1%

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Repair and Maintenance

Commodity Flows

Arkansas Energy and Employment
Overview
Arkansas has an average concentration of energy employment, with 25,964 Traditional Energy workers

statewide. 7,799 of these workers are in the Fuels sector, 15,009 work in Transmission, Wholesale

Distribution, and Storage, and 3,156 workers are employed in Electric Power Generation. 0.8% of the

Traditional Energy jobs across the U.S. are located in Arkansas. The traditional energy sector in Arkansas

is 2.2% of total state employment (compared to 2.4% of national employment).

Arkansas has an additional 14,833 jobs in Energy Efficiency (0.7% of all energy efficiency jobs

nationwide) and 19,840 in motor vehicles (0.8% of all motor vehicle jobs nationwide).

Figure 1. Employment by Major Technology

Technology Breakdown

Electric Power Generation
The Electric Power Generation segment employs 3,156 workers in Arkansas, 0.4% of the national total.

Wind makes up the largest segment with 825 jobs, followed by traditional fossil fuel generation at 640

jobs.

3,156

7,799

15,009 14,833

19,840

Electric Power
Generation

Fuels Transmission,
Distribution,
and Storage

Energy
Efficiency

Motor Vehicles

Figure 2. Electric Power Generation Employment by Sub Technology

Utilities are responsible for most of the employment in Electric Power Generation, with 36.9% of jobs.

Wholesale trade employment represents 21.8% of the total.

Figure 3. Electric Power Generation Employment by Industry Sectors

Fuels
Fuels account for 7,799 jobs in Arkansas, 0.7% of the national total. Petroleum and other fossil fuels

represent the largest segment of fuel-related employment, with 3,936 jobs.

Figure 4. Fuel Employment by Sub Technology

339

825

33

329 311

0

1,320

Solar Electric
Generation

Wind Electric
Generation

Traditional
Hydroelectric
Generation

Natural Gas
Generation

Coal
Generation

Oil & Other
Fossil Fuel
Generation

Other
Generation

36.9%

16.0%

20.4%

21.8%

2.6%2.2%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Mining and extraction jobs represent 27.5% of fuel jobs in Arkansas.

Figure 5. Fuel Employment by Industry Sectors

Transmission, Distribution, and Storage
Transmission, distribution, and storage employment in Arkansas represents 1.1% of the national total in

the segment.

Figure 6. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Sub Technology

115

3,936

1,723

349
509

651
517

Coal Oil & Other
Petroleum

Natural Gas Corn Ethanol Other Ethanol
/ Non-woody

Biomass

Woody
Biomass

Other Fuels

27.5%

13.8%

23.6%
Agriculture and Forestry

Mining

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Utilities employ the largest percentage of Transmission, Distribution, and Storage jobs in Arkansas, with

47.6% of jobs statewide.

Figure 7. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Industry Sectors

Energy Efficiency
The 14,833 energy efficiency jobs in Arkansas represents 0.7% of all energy efficiency jobs nationally.

The largest number of these employees work in traditional HVAC firms, followed by high efficiency HVAC

and renewable heating and cooling. Energy Efficiency employment is found in the construction industry.

Figure 8. Energy Efficiency Employment by Sub Technology

11,159

399 109

3,342

Traditional Transmission
and Distribution

Storage Smart Grid Micro Grid & Other

47.6%

31.1%

6.8%

14.2%
0.3%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Figure 9. Energy Efficiency Employment by Industry Sectors

Motor Vehicles
Motor vehicle employment accounts for 19,840 jobs in Arkansas, with the most jobs found in

manufacturing.

Figure 10. Motor Vehicle Employment by Industry Sectors

1,695
2,635 2,522

620

7,362

Energy Star &
Efficient Lighting

Traditional HVAC High Efficiency &
Renewable Heating

& Cooling

Advanced Materials
and Insulation

Other

73.7%

12.3%

5.2%

8.8%

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Workforce Characteristics

Hiring Difficulty
Figure 13. Hiring Difficulty by Major Technology

Technology
Very

difficult
Somewhat

difficult
Not at all
difficult

DK/NA

Electric Power Generation NA NA NA NA

Electric Power Transmission, Distribution, and
Storage

NA NA NA NA

Energy Efficiency 38.5% 38.5% 23.1% 0.0%

Fuels 0.0% 22.2% 66.7% 11.1%

Transportation, including Motor Vehicles NA NA NA NA

Component Parts for Transportation Vehicles NA NA NA NA

34.7%

17.5%
3.1%

32.4%

12.3%

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Repair and Maintenance

Commodity Flows

California Energy and Employment
Overview
California has an average concentration of energy employment, with 427,614 Traditional Energy workers

statewide. 68,984 of these workers are in the Fuels sector, 155,360 work in Transmission, Wholesale

Distribution, and Storage, and 203,269 workers are employed in Electric Power Generation. 13.1% of the

Traditional Energy jobs across the U.S. are located in California. The traditional energy sector in

California is 2.6% of total state employment (compared to 2.4% of national employment).

California has an additional 301,348 jobs in Energy Efficiency (13.8% of all energy efficiency jobs

nationwide) and 198,121 in motor vehicles (8.1% of all motor vehicle jobs nationwide).

Figure 1. Employment by Major Technology

Technology Breakdown

Electric Power Generation
The Electric Power Generation segment employs 203,269 workers in California, 23.6% of the national

total. Solar makes up the largest segment with 152,947 jobs, followed by traditional fossil fuel

generation at 18,520 jobs.

203,269

68,984

155,360

301,348

198,121

Electric Power
Generation

Fuels Transmission,
Distribution,
and Storage

Energy
Efficiency

Motor Vehicles

Figure 2. Electric Power Generation Employment by Sub Technology

Construction are responsible for most of the employment in Electric Power Generation, with 30.4% of

jobs. Manufacturing employment represents 22.6% of the total.

Figure 3. Electric Power Generation Employment by Industry Sectors

Fuels
Fuels account for 68,984 jobs in California, 6.4% of the national total. Petroleum and other fossil fuels

represent the largest segment of fuel-related employment, with 48,566 jobs.

Figure 4. Fuel Employment by Sub Technology

152,947

4,635
11,890 16,960

864 696

15,277

Solar Electric
Generation

Wind Electric
Generation

Traditional
Hydroelectric
Generation

Natural Gas
Generation

Coal
Generation

Oil & Other
Fossil Fuel
Generation

Other
Generation

9.7%

30.4%

22.6%

20.8%

15.0%

1.5%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Professional and business services jobs represent 32.4% of fuel jobs in California.

Figure 5. Fuel Employment by Industry Sectors

Transmission, Distribution, and Storage
Transmission, distribution, and storage employment in California represents 11.8% of the national total

in the segment.

Figure 6. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Sub Technology

1,323

48,566

10,687

246 990
2,629

4,542

Coal Oil & Other
Petroleum

Natural Gas Corn Ethanol Other Ethanol
/ Non-woody

Biomass

Woody
Biomass

Other Fuels

23.4%

22.6%

32.4%

Agriculture and Forestry

Mining

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Construction employs the largest percentage of Transmission, Distribution, and Storage jobs in

California, with 43.6% of jobs statewide.

Figure 7. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Industry Sectors

Energy Efficiency
The 301,348 energy efficiency jobs in California represents 13.8% of all energy efficiency jobs nationally.

The largest number of these employees work in traditional HVAC firms, followed by ENERGY STAR and

efficient lighting. Energy Efficiency employment is found in the construction industry.

Figure 8. Energy Efficiency Employment by Sub Technology

99,965

25,203

1,908

28,285

Traditional Transmission
and Distribution

Storage Smart Grid Micro Grid & Other

23.7%

43.6%

7.6%

13.2%

11.5%
0.3%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Figure 9. Energy Efficiency Employment by Industry Sectors

Motor Vehicles
Motor vehicle employment accounts for 198,121 jobs in California, with the most jobs found in repair

and maintenance.

Figure 10. Motor Vehicle Employment by Industry Sectors

65,442

116,446

58,313

18,473

42,674

Energy Star &
Efficient Lighting

Traditional HVAC High Efficiency &
Renewable Heating

& Cooling

Advanced Materials
and Insulation

Other

58.5%

11.0%

8.1%

22.4%

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Figure 11: Parts Offered by Vehicle Fuel Type

Figure 12: Revenue Attributable to Part for Fuel Economy

14.5%

23.0%

2.8%

58.4%

1.4%

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Repair and Maintenance

Commodity Flows

12.5%

4.2%

0.0%

11.1%

25.0%

19.4%

29.2%

81.9%

Other

Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hydrogen Vehicles

Natural Gas Vehicles

Electric Vehicles

Plug-In Hyrid Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles

11.4%

11.4%

14.3%

31.4%

31.4%

All of it (100%)

Half to most of it (50% to
99%)

A quarter to almost half
of it (25% to 49%)

Less than a quarter (1%
to 24%)

DK/NA

Workforce Characteristics

Hiring Difficulty
Figure 13. Hiring Difficulty by Major Technology

Technology
Very

difficult
Somewhat

difficult
Not at all
difficult

DK/NA

Electric Power Generation 18.7% 57.9% 20.8% 2.7%

Electric Power Transmission, Distribution, and
Storage

14.0% 58.0% 24.0% 4.0%

Energy Efficiency 29.4% 49.2% 19.8% 1.5%

Fuels 22.7% 31.8% 45.5% 0.0%

Transportation, including Motor Vehicles 27.3% 40.9% 31.8% 0.0%

Component Parts for Transportation Vehicles 33.3% 42.9% 19.0% 4.8%

Colorado Energy and Employment
Overview
Colorado has a high concentration of energy employment, with 90,113 Traditional Energy workers

statewide. 36,765 of these workers are in the Fuels sector, 28,252 work in Transmission, Wholesale

Distribution, and Storage, and 25,096 workers are employed in Electric Power Generation. 2.8% of the

Traditional Energy jobs across the U.S. are located in Colorado. The traditional energy sector in Colorado

is 3.6% of total state employment (compared to 2.4% of national employment).

Colorado has an additional 29,756 jobs in Energy Efficiency (1.4% of all energy efficiency jobs

nationwide) and 30,221 in motor vehicles (1.2% of all motor vehicle jobs nationwide).

Figure 1. Employment by Major Technology

Technology Breakdown

Electric Power Generation
The Electric Power Generation segment employs 25,096 workers in Colorado, 2.9% of the national total.

Solar makes up the largest segment with 8,027 jobs, followed by wind at 7,124 jobs.

Figure 2. Electric Power Generation Employment by Sub Technology

25,096

36,765

28,252
29,756 30,221

Electric Power
Generation

Fuels Transmission,
Distribution,
and Storage

Energy
Efficiency

Motor Vehicles

Professional and business services are responsible for most of the employment in Electric Power

Generation, with 57.8% of jobs. Construction employment represents 17.7% of the total.

Figure 3. Electric Power Generation Employment by Industry Sectors

Fuels
Fuels account for 36,765 jobs in Colorado, 3.4% of the national total. Petroleum and other fossil fuels

represent the largest segment of fuel-related employment, with 13,731 jobs.

Figure 4. Fuel Employment by Sub Technology

8,027

7,124

1,014
486

3,812

316

4,316

Solar Electric
Generation

Wind Electric
Generation

Traditional
Hydroelectric
Generation

Natural Gas
Generation

Coal
Generation

Oil & Other
Fossil Fuel
Generation

Other
Generation

3.4%

17.7%

6.6%

13.5%

57.8%

1.1%

Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Mining and extraction jobs represent 74% of fuel jobs in Colorado.

Figure 5. Fuel Employment by Industry Sectors

Transmission, Distribution, and Storage
Transmission, distribution, and storage employment in Colorado represents 2.1% of the national total in

the segment.

Figure 6. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Sub Technology

2,270

13,731

9,845

450

2,249

3,941 4,278

Coal Oil & Other
Petroleum

Natural Gas Corn Ethanol Other Ethanol
/ Non-woody

Biomass

Woody
Biomass

Other Fuels

74.0%

1.9%

17.6%

Agriculture and Forestry

Mining

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Construction employs the largest percentage of Transmission, Distribution, and Storage jobs in

Colorado, with 36.7% of jobs statewide.

Figure 7. Transmission, Distribution, and Storage Employment by Industry Sectors

Energy Efficiency
The 29,756 energy efficiency jobs in Colorado represents 1.4% of all energy efficiency jobs nationally.

The largest number of these employees work in ENERGY STAR and efficient lighting firms, followed by

traditional HVAC. Energy Efficiency employment is found in the construction industry.

Figure 8. Energy Efficiency Employment by Sub Technology

18,538

2,332

327

7,055

Traditional Transmission
and Distribution

Storage Smart Grid Micro Grid & Other

17.3%

36.7%
14.3%

30.8%
Utilities

Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Other Services

Figure 9. Energy Efficiency Employment by Industry Sectors

Motor Vehicles
Motor vehicle employment accounts for 30,221 jobs in Colorado, with the most jobs found in repair and

maintenance.

Figure 10. Motor Vehicle Employment by Industry Sectors

9,394
8,477

5,186 5,489

1,210

Energy Star &
Efficient Lighting

Traditional HVAC High Efficiency &
Renewable Heating

& Cooling

Advanced Materials
and Insulation

Other

55.8%

41.7%
Construction

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

6.7%

25.7%

3.8%
63.2%

0.7%

Manufacturing

Trade

Professional Services

Repair and Maintenance

Commodity Flows

Figure 11: Parts Offered by Vehicle Fuel Type

Figure 12: Revenue Attributable to Part for Fuel Economy

Workforce Characteristics

Hiring Difficulty
Figure 13. Hiring Difficulty by Major Technology

Technology
Very

difficult
Somewhat

difficult
Not at all
difficult

DK/NA

Electric Power Generation 14.1% 69.0% 14.1% 2.8%

Electric Power Transmission, Distribution, and
Storage

44.4% 22.2% 33.3% 0.0%

Energy Efficiency 56.0% 32.0% 12.0% 0.0%

Fuels 20.0% 55.0% 25.0% 0.0%

Transportation, including Motor Vehicles 16.7% 33.3% 50.0% 0.0%

Component Parts for Transportation Vehicles NA NA NA NA

25.0%

8.3%

0.0%

25.0%

8.3%

8.3%

8.3%

66.7%

Other

Fuel Cell Vehicles

Hydrogen Vehicles

Natural Gas Vehicles

Electric Vehicles

Plug-In Hyrid Vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles

14.3%

57.1%

28.6%

Half to most of it (50% to
99%)

Less than a quarter (1%
to 24%)

DK/NA

Connecticut Energy and Employment
Overview
Connecticut has a low concentration of energy employment, with 18,619 Traditional Energy workers

statewide. 3,209 of these workers are in the Fuels sector, 10,206 work in Transmission, Wholesale

Distribution, and Storage, and 5,205 workers are …

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