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EN 121- Identifying Primary And Secondary Sources EN 121: Week 3 Assignment This assignment assesses your knowledge on primary and secondary sources (refe

EN 121- Identifying Primary And Secondary Sources EN 121: Week 3 Assignment

This assignment assesses your knowledge on primary and secondary sources (refe

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EN 121- Identifying Primary And Secondary Sources EN 121: Week 3 Assignment

This assignment assesses your knowledge on primary and secondary sources (refer to lecture notes and textbook). The assignment contains TWO parts; please be sure to complete the entire assignment.

Lecture notes on are the attachments and the text book source is: Chapter 11.4 entitled: “Strategies for Gathering Reliable Information”. (only read section 4 of chapter 11)

Identifying Primary and Secondary Sources

v Primary Source: a record made by people who saw or took part in an event (originates from the past)

v Secondary Source: a record of an event written by someone not there at the time

Part 1:

Directions: Determine whether the following are primary or secondary sources. Explain your reasoning in 1-2 COMPLETE SENTENCES. for each:

· The story your grandfather tells you about his experience during the Korean War.

· A letter written by George Washington to his mother about the latest developments in the Revolutionary War.

· The Diary of Anne Frank – the published diary of a teenage girl who experiences the Holocaust first hand.

· Your World History textbook or an encyclopedia.

· Your high school diploma.

· A photograph of you and your friends at your 8th birthday party.

· The information from the museum tour guide who shows you around the exhibit and shares facts with you.

· A mummy from ancient Egypt.

· A diary titled “Life in the Mines” from a miner named Lucky Noah who lived in Idaho in the 1870’s.

· A magazine article from 2011 entitled “Mining in the Old West in the 1860’s to the 1890’s”.

· An original photograph from the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor that you found in your grandparents’ photo album.

· An original World War I uniform worn by your great grandfather.

· An encyclopedia entry on the Vietnam War.

· The diary of Anne Frank (a young girl who lived in hiding during the Holocaust)

· Sheet music that was used to play military tunes during the Revolutionary War

· A web site that summarizes Ancient Roman mythology

· A map of China created during ancient times.

· An ancient tablet of Babylonian King Hammurabi’s Code of Laws

· Pictures taken by your Aunt Sally of the World Trade Center attack

· A newspaper article outlining the effect of the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

· A manuscript of Barack Obama’s first speech as President.

· An ancient Egyptian mummy you saw at a museum.

Part 2:

Directions: List 3 possible primary or secondary sources you can use for the research topic below.

Next, explain in 3-4 sentences why you can you use those sources for the topic.

You are researching the lives of Russian soldiers during WWII.

You are researching the burial practices of Egyptian Pharaohs.

You are researching about the conflict in Afghanistan.

You are researching the 1906 Earthquake in San Francisco.

Please place in MS Word file. Primary & Secondary Sources

Writers classify research resources in two categories: primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources are direct, firsthand sources of information or data. For example, if you were writing a paper about the First Amendment right to freedom of speech, the text of the First Amendment in the Bill of Rights would be a primary source.

Other primary sources include the following:

· Research studies

· Literary texts

· Historical documents such as diaries or letters

· Autobiographies or other personal accounts

Secondary sources discuss, interpret, analyze, consolidate, or otherwise rework information from primary sources. In researching a paper about the First Amendment, you might read articles about legal cases that involved First Amendment rights, or editorials expressing commentary on the First Amendment. These sources would be considered secondary sources because they are one step removed from the primary source of information.

The following are examples of secondary sources:

· Scholarly journal articles

· Trade journal articles

· Popular Magazine articles

· Literary and scientific reviews

· Television documentaries

When you search for periodicals, be sure to distinguish among different types. Mass-market publications, such as newspapers and popular magazines, differ from scholarly publications in their accessibility, audience, and purpose.

Newspapers and magazines are written for a broader audience than scholarly journals. Their content is usually quite accessible and easy to read. Trade magazines that target readers within a particular industry may presume the reader has background knowledge, but these publications are still reader-friendly for a broader audience. Their purpose is to inform and, often, to entertain or persuade readers as well.

Scholarly or academic journals are written for a much smaller and more expert audience. The creators of these publications assume that most of their readers are already familiar with the main topic of the journal. The target audience is also highly educated. Informing is the primary purpose of a scholarly journal. While a journal article may advance an agenda or advocate a position, the content will still be presented in an objective style and formal tone. Entertaining readers with breezy comments and splashy graphics is not a priority.

Because of these differences, scholarly journals are more challenging to read. That doesn’t mean you should avoid them. On the contrary, they can provide in-depth information unavailable elsewhere. Because knowledgeable professionals carefully review the content before publication, scholarly journals are far more reliable than much of the information available in popular media. Seek out academic journals along with other resources. Just be prepared to spend a little more time processing the information.

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