Final Project Introduction Please see attached for instruction. All you’ll be working on is the Introduction, including the research problem. Research

Final Project Introduction Please see attached for instruction.

All you’ll be working on is the Introduction, including the research problem.

Research

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Please see attached for instruction.

All you’ll be working on is the Introduction, including the research problem.

Research Question

Is there an inverse association between schooling and years of smoking ?

 Null hypothesis : There is no statistically significant relationship between education level and smoking duration.

Alternative hypothesis: Individuals with higher education levels are more likely with shorter duration of smoking.

These are the sources that will be used. 

Assari, S., & Mistry, R. (2018). Educational Attainment and Smoking Status in a National Sample of American Adults; Evidence for the Blacks’ Diminished Return. International journal of environmental research and public health, 15(4), 763. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15040763

Fernández, E., Schiaffino, A., Borrell, C., Benach, J., Ariza, C., Ramon, J. M., Twose, J., Nebot, M., & Kunst, A. (2006). Social class, education, and smoking cessation: Long-term follow-up of patients treated at a smoking cessation unit. Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco, 8(1), 29–36. https://doi.org/10.1080/14622200500264432

Koning, P., Webbink, D., Martin, N.G. (2010, March). The Effect of Education on Smoking Behavior: New Evidence from Smoking Durations of a Sample of Twins. DOI:10.1007/s00181-014-0842-6 https://www.iza.org/publications/dp/4796/the-effect-of-education-on-smoking-behavior-new-evidence-from-smoking-durations-of-a-sample-of-twins

Gilman, S.E., Martin, L.T.,  Abrams, D.B.,  Kawachi, I., Kubzansky, L., Loucks, E.B., Rende, R., Rudd, R., Stephen L Buka, S.L. (2008, June). Educational attainment and cigarette smoking: a causal association? International Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 37, Issue 3,  Pages 615–624, https://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dym250

Choi, W. Y., Kim, C. H., & Lee, O. G. (2013). Effects of brief smoking cessation education with expiratory carbon monoxide measurement on level of motivation to quit smoking. Korean journal of family medicine, 34(3), 190–198. https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.2013.34.3.190

PH 772-102: Epidemiologic Research II
COURSE PROJECT

You are required to demonstrate knowledge of PSPPin biostatistics by using data from NHEFS dataset. You are expected to examine the effect of schooling on years of smoking, controlling for
age, race, sex.

Specifically, you should do the following:

1. Provide a title for your project.

2. Provide an introduction, including the research problem

3. State both your research question and the associated null and alternative hypotheses.

4. Include five peer-reviewed articles relevant to your reseach question/hypothesis

5. Run frequency distributions for all the variables in your analysis, and interpret their relevant summary statistics.

6. Use an appropriate statistical model to test the effect of the primary independent variable on the dependent variable, controlling for the other independent variables.

7. Interpret the findings and draw your conclusion.

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