IND 101 Cornerstone Paraphrasing activity Paraphrasing and List of References
In the previous three modules, you found and evaluated your sources for the
Paraphrasing and List of References
In the previous three modules, you found and evaluated your sources for the Final
Project. Now, in Module 4, you will practice the skill of paraphrasing to learn how to use
a source appropriately as evidence to support your argument, without using its
language verbatim. Then, you will practice putting all of your sources into proper APA
format for a reference list. APA is the citation style required in all courses at Excelsior
College, so learning the details of APA formatting is important
your future academic success.
This assignment will be completed in two steps. Use the Milestone 4 Template
Download Milestone 4 Template
to see an example of each step and to submit your own work.
Step 1: Paraphrasing Activity
First, read pages 4.11 through 4.13 of the webtext on paraphrasing and use the
following resources to learn more:
• Start by reading more about paraphrasing (Links to an external site.)
in the Excelsior OWL
• Then, try the OWL’s paraphrasing activity (Links to an external site.)
to make sure you understand what you need to do.
• Read the APA In-Text Citations (Links to an external site.)
resources in the Excelsior OWL
Next, pick a key passage from one of your Final Project sources. The passage should
be relevant to your topic and thesis statement, something that you will be likely to use
as evidence when you write your final paper. The passage you choose should also be at
least 5 sentences long. Next, copy/paste this passage into the Template, place it
inside quotation marks.
Then, below your quoted passage, paraphrase the material in your own words and then
include an in-text citation of the source at the end of your paragraph. Your paraphrase
should be at least 2-3 sentences.
Paraphrasing is more than just replacing individual words here and there. Be careful
about relying on the thesaurus. The goal is to put the idea fully in your own words by
changing the structure, voice, and significantly changing the wording in order to
differentiate it from the original. If you find this difficult to do with the source in front of
you, try reading the source and then putting it out of sight. Then reword it from memory
and your understanding of the passage. Understanding correct paraphrasing is
important because if you paraphrase incorrectly by only replacing words sporadically or
keeping the original wording without putting it inside quotes, it is considered a form of
Step 2: Reference List in APA Format
Next, read page 4.14 of the webtext and use the following resources to learn more:
• Start by reading and viewing the resources on APA References (Links to an
in the Excelsior OWL
• Review the Intro to APA Citations (Links to an external site.)
tip sheet from the Excelsior Library
• Then, try the OWL’s APA Activity (Links to an external site.)
to make sure you understand the basics of APA formatting
• Tip: Autogenerated citations are not always correct! Library sources often
include automatically generated citations in multiple style formats. Read the
Library’s warning (Links to an external site.)
about this tool, it is not always correct! Double-check your citation against the
rules above to make sure it’s correct before submitting it.
Next, you will create a reference list for your Final Project using your 4 sources. Each
source must be in proper APA format (pay close attention to the details like italics,
commas, periods, and capitalization). In addition, make sure to properly format the
reference list itself (pay close attention to your spacing, indentation, and
alphabetization). No detail is too small for this exercise! Note: even when not required
per APA, all sources should also include a URL or DOI listed at the end of your citation
for your instructor to review.
• Milestone 4 Template Download Milestone 4 Template
• Library Cornerstone Research Guide
• Paraphrasing (Links to an external site.)
• OWL’s paraphrasing activity (Links to an external site.)
• APA In-Text Citation (Links to an external site.)
• APA References (Links to an external site.)
• Intro to APA Citations (Links to an external site.)
• Library warning about autogenerated citations (Links to an external site.)
• APA Activity (Links to an external site.)
• Library Homepage (Links to an external site.)
Your final submission should include:
1 A key passage from one of your sources, inside quotation marks.
2 Your paraphrase of the quotation with a properly formatted APA style in-text
citation at the end of the paragraph.
3 A list of references for your 4 sources in proper APA format with a URL or DOI
hyperlink at the end. (Note: URLs are not required for all sources in APA format,
however, for this assignment you must still always include one so your instructor
can review your sources).
Put all three components into the Milestone 4 Template and submit the finished
document to the dropbox by Sunday night of Module 4.