Mental Health 4 As you see in Chapter 4, falls are a major concern with respect to the well-being of older adults. Consider a situation in which an older a

Mental Health 4 As you see in Chapter 4, falls are a major concern with respect to the well-being of older adults. Consider a situation in which an older a

Click here to Order a Custom answer to this Question from our writers. It’s fast and plagiarism-free.

As you see in Chapter 4, falls are a major concern with respect to the well-being of older adults. Consider a situation in which an older adult you know well lives alone in a small apartment. What are 5 design features you would want to see in that apartment in order to reduce the chances that the older person would sustain a serious fall?

“Those who think they have no
time for bodily exercise will sooner
or later have to find time for
illness.”

Edward Stanley
1826-1893

AGEFEED
1. Total number of cosmetic procedure: 4.2 million
2. Number of invasive cosmetic surgeries: 400,000
3. Number of facelifts or eyelifts: 180,000
4. Number of Botox ® treatments: 1.7 million; average cost:

$397
5. Number of filler injections: 927,000; average cost: $669
6. Percent of all procedures by 55+ adults: 23%
7. Average cost of facelift: $7655
8. Increase in yearly number of procedures: 50,000
9. Reasons for plastic surgery: Re-entering the dating scene.
10. Newest trend in plastic surgery: The “Daddy-do-over”

#top10facts

Plastic surgery is big business for U.S. adults 55 and older. Check out
these 2018 facts!

Appearance

“Exposome” of
aging and the
skin

Photoaging:
Effect on the
Skin

Changes in the hands reflect alterations in the skin as well as
nails.

BODY BUILD

BMI and
body type

Aerobic
• 150 minutes of moderate activity per week
• No less than 10 minutes for each session

Resistance
• Each major muscle group 2-3 days per week
• 2-4 sets of each exercise
• Previously sedentary should start with light

intensity

Summary of exercise recommendations from AHA-ACSM

Mobility

Diets to help minimizing
bone loss include:

• Protein (e.g. eggs, quinoa, cottage cheese,
tuna, oat)

• Calcium (e.g. almonds, kale, broccoli,
cheese, tofu, sesame seed)

• Vitamin D (milk)
• Magnesium (bananas)
• Certain types of nuts (walnuts, Brazil nuts)
• Potatoes
• Carotenoids (carrots, squash, and apricots)

Effects of aging on the joints

Best
exercises
for
reducing
joint
damage

Yoga

Pilates

Resistance training

Stretching

Proper
workstation to
avoid joint
damage

VITAL BODILY FUNCTIONS

Wearable
technology

• Gaining popularity among older
adults

• Requires internal motivation
• Enhanced use with social

support

Master athletes

• Maintain high
physical functioning
throughout life

• However, they are a
self-selected group

“Age is not a barrier to fitness.”
Dr. Charles Eugster

Dr. Charles Eugster

https://www.bostonglobe.com/2021/01/16/sports/how-this-95-year-old-gymnast-stays-young-can-be-
lesson-us-all/

Incontinence in women

Poorer health Decreased mobility

Current use of
hormone

replacement
therapy

Being overweight History of falls Heart disease

BODILY CONTROL SYSTEMS

The endocrine system includes a complex set of structures that produce hormones
via feedback loops involving the body’s organs.

Circadian oscillation

Rhythm
dampened and
shifted with aging

Changes in circadian rhythms occur due to alterations in the
hormone melatonin, released by the pineal gland. Note that
these changes contribute to alterations in sleep cycles.

Estrogen
replacement

therapy

• Initial studies showed support
• 2002- warnings of increased risk

of blood clots and cancer
• 2015- UK issued report

documenting risks and benefits
• Locally applied estrogen can

offset dryness and pain
associated with sexual activity

• Alternatives include exercise,
quitting smoking, lowering
cholesterol and having one
alcoholic drink per day
(preferably wine)

C E N T R A L N E R V O U S S Y S T E M

S L E E P

T E M P E R AT U R E C O N T R O L

Photograph showing gray matter and white matter in the brain

Age-
related
declines

Factors
that

promote
decline

Plasticity

Factors
that

promote
plasticity

Disuse
Sedentary life
style
Poor diet
Environmental
toxins (including
alcohol)

Mental engagement
Physical exercise
Diet

PASA- front-back compensation
HAROLD- hemisphere compensation
CRUNCH- general compensation

Factors that promote
decline can be offset
by those that can
promote plasticity
across the adult years.

White matter
hyperintensities

• Related to the extent of brain
atrophy and some measures of
cognitive functioning

• Exact roles in normal aging and
disease are as yet unclear.

Healthy sleep habits for older adults

Avoid sedentary lifestyle

Exercise early in the day

Don’t nap during the day

Avoid reading late at night on e-readers or mobile devices

Manage depression and anxiety

SENSATION AND PERCEPTION

Presbyopia

Effects of
presbyopia
on vision

Normal vision The same scene as viewed by a person with cataract

13.30%

11.80%

13.00%

18.10%

17.10%

Other

Hispanic

Black

White

All

Prevalence Rates of Cataracts by Race (2010)

ARMD

• Affects about 8% of adults 40-85
years of age

• Fourth most common form of
blindness worldwide

• Prevention through good eye health
• Beta carotene
• Glasses that protect from blue

and UV light

Age-related
hearing loss

Metabolic
presbycusis

Sensory
presbycusis

Exposure to noise

Exposure to noise can
accelerate age-
related changes in
hearing due to
presbyopia

Communication
strategies for

talking to older
adults

carefullyEnunciate

as if person isn’t there or is a childDon’t talk

contextProvide

positive and patientRemain

voice pitch lowKeep

gum while talkingDon’t chew

background noiseMinimize

while speaking to personLook

Communication
strategies for

talking to older
adults

• Enunciate carefully
• Don’t talk as if the person isn’t there or is a

child
• Provide context
• Remain positive and patient
• Keep voice pitch low
• Don’t chew gum while talking
• Minimize background noise
• Look while speaking to a person

Practical fall
prevention
strategies

• Exercise
• Eyeglasses
• Prosthetic aid
• Shower chair or bath bench
• Sit while grooming
• Have sturdy stepstools if needed in kitchen
• Keep the cell phone handy
• Stability training

Exercises to
reduce fall
risk
Functional training in
control of core bodily
muscles involved in posture
and balance.

Smell
Some form of dysfunction:
13%- 60-69 year
39%- 80+

Trouble detecting
Smoke- 20%
Natural gas- 31%

Poorest taste for:
Sour
Bitter

Most enjoyment of:
Sweet
Salty

Taste

Pain in
older
adults

Can increase
risk of falling

  • Physical Changes
  • Slide Number 2
  • Appearance
  • Slide Number 4
  • Slide Number 5
  • Slide Number 6
  • Slide Number 7
  • Slide Number 8
  • Slide Number 9
  • Slide Number 10
  • BODY BUILD
  • Slide Number 12
  • Summary of exercise recommendations from AHA-ACSM
  • Mobility
  • Slide Number 15
  • Slide Number 16
  • Diets to help minimizing bone loss include:
  • Slide Number 18
  • Best exercises for reducing joint damage
  • Proper workstation to avoid joint damage
  • VITAL BODILY FUNCTIONS
  • Slide Number 22
  • Slide Number 23
  • Slide Number 24
  • Slide Number 25
  • Wearable technology
  • Master athletes
  • Slide Number 28
  • Slide Number 29
  • Slide Number 30
  • Incontinence in women
  • Slide Number 32
  • BODILY CONTROL SYSTEMS
  • Slide Number 34
  • Slide Number 35
  • Estrogen replacement therapy
  • Slide Number 37
  • NERVOUS SYSTEM
  • Photograph showing gray matter and white matter in the brain
  • Slide Number 40
  • White matter hyperintensities
  • Healthy sleep habits for older adults
  • Slide Number 43
  • SENSATION AND PERCEPTION
  • Presbyopia
  • Effects of presbyopia on vision
  • Slide Number 47
  • Slide Number 48
  • Slide Number 49
  • ARMD
  • Age-related hearing loss
  • Exposure to noise
  • Communication strategies for talking to older adults
  • Communication strategies for talking to older adults
  • Practical fall prevention strategies
  • Exercises to reduce fall risk
  • Slide Number 57
  • Pain in older adults

Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by one of our experts, guaranteeing you an A result.

Need an Essay Written?

This sample is available to anyone. If you want a unique paper order it from one of our professional writers.

Get help with your academic paper right away

Quality & Timely Delivery

Free Editing & Plagiarism Check

Security, Privacy & Confidentiality