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Need Help Finalizing Assignment Create an introduction that lays out the issue and establishes the need for the course of action presented in the proposal.

Need Help Finalizing Assignment Create an introduction that lays out the issue and establishes the need for the course of action presented in the proposal.

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Need Help Finalizing Assignment Create an introduction that lays out the issue and establishes the need for the course of action presented in the proposal.
Create well developed and organized body paragraphs to persuade the audience to accept the proposal. The length is 3–5 pages.
Create a conclusion that summarizes the proposal’s key points and calls the audience to take specific action. The action to be taken is specific and practical. The length is five sentences.
Use credible and valid evidence to support ethical persuasive appeals. Apply an appropriate balance of persuasive appeals that are aligned to the audience to encourage the adoption of the proposal’s argument.
Reflect on how feedback was incorporated into your final document by concisely summarizing relevant feedback in your own words, describing specific changes made based on this feedback, and explaining how these changes improved the quality of work.
Produce writing that is clear and well organized and applies appropriate SWS style. Writing contains accurate grammar, mechanics, and spelling. 1

Assignment 3
Dirck Mitchell
ENG 201
Professor Kasraie
August 30, 2021

Introduction
The advantages of speed humps are clear. we need them in some neighborhoods to slow down traffic. If used correctly, they are intended to easily slow vehicles down and potentially cause fewer accidents. Despite this, there are many claims that they actually cause more accidents as well being damaging to vehicles and people and causing greater issues. One problem in the community is drivers speeding; therefore, city council should take a look at the issue and install speedbumps. The main counter argument to this proposal is Speedbumps will mess up vehicles suspension, but the proposed solution will be more effective because it will slow down traffic, protect our playing children, and build the neighborhood repour .
Problem
The main cause of speeding in the neighborhood is people in a rush to get home as a result of extended traffic on freeways Once they make it to the neighborhood everyone wants to rush through the last minutes of travel. However impatience and lack of respect is a much larger source of the problem. According to the (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), “In the United States in 2017 speeding caused the death of 9,717 people.” When drivers choose not to abide by speed laws, especially in residential areas, they put their own communities lives at risk. This includes children, pedestrians, bicyclists, other drivers, and pets Be the change you want to see by ensuring you abide by speed limits and encourage your family members to do the same. Residential neighborhoods should be family-friendly areas, which should also be free from life-threatening behaviors. Speeding drivers will make front yards dangerous places for children to play and no one should want to be responsible for that outcome.
Speeding is a preventable cause of accidents, the reason speed limits exist are to try to keep everyone on the road safe. A study conducted in Michigan by Richard Beaubien and published by the Institute of Transportation Engineers showed that placing stop signs along a roadway increased driver speeds, rather than decreasing them, Lowering the speed limit below typical roadway safety standards is also ineffective because most drivers travel at a speed they deem typical for the roadway conditions, rather than constantly checking their speedometer against speed limit signs. Based on this information it can be said that the normal ways we know to reduce the speeding on our neighborhoods are more likely not to work as we expect. Research and innovation are key to solving the problem permanently
Solution
I feel a great solution is to institute a neighborhood traffic calming program that emphasizes community involvement and combines education and enforcement with engineering techniques such as speed humps. Studies and enforcement data history indicate that most speeding on local roads is done by drivers who live in the same neighborhoods, so a community education campaign including articles in the newspapers or social media groups can be very effective at increasing awareness and reducing speeds. This requires working as a team, with municipal officials, law enforcement, and residents. in an effort to make roadways safer for the entire community.
It’s also important to connect the education effort with enforcement by police and let people know tickets will begin to increase. Education itself will not deter speeders ,however the threat of fines can reduce speeding over the long haul. Many communities find it helpful to create a committees to address traffic concerns in the respective neighborhoods. The committee can provide information on speeding and work with the municipal officials, and police to devise a strategy to address them. Of coourse all final decisions will be made by officials, but the committee will play a significant role in advising them. A comprehensive traffic calming program like this that combines education, enforcement, and engineering design can be very successful at eliminating speeding on local roads, but the effectiveness of a traffic calming program depends on how invested the community is in making it work.
Risk
Although speed humps have been proven to reduce speed and make neighborhoods safer, the opposition will claim that they can and will cause damage to vehicles, that they also can increase emergency response time, and increase traffic noise. While there is potential for speed humps to damage the undercarriage of vehicles, although speed bumps are a common traffic calming tactic, studies show that speed humps are not as effective as you might assume. Drivers are forced to slow down with speed bumps actually increase their speed between each hump to make up for lost time. Speed bumps also cause damage to cars that travel over them daily. The biggest deterrent is that they require vehicles to dramatically slow down, even those following the speed limits and also emergency vehicles. Unfortunately, static road signs like a typical speed limit sign are some of the least effective options because of the way our brain works. Drivers get desensitized and tune out elements that we drive by frequently. Traditional signs are also unlikely to grab the attention of a distracted driver. Despite the obvious benefits, Signs have traditionally been too expensive for the consumer market. However, putting more solutions in the hands of citizens could be just what is needed to make neighborhoods safer.
Benefits
speed humps urge drivers to slow down in specified regions. When someone sees a speed bump hey tend to slow down and approach the speed bump with caution. Many people who have seen speed bumps try to avoid the area which is helpful to those who want to protect their children. This is frequently the case on roadways near schools or in congested areas. If someone like to speed and they know there are speed bumps in a certain area they will either have to slow down or avoid the area.
It allows drivers to slow down at the crossroads and be more observant of traffic lights and pedestrians. When a driver slows down at any point they have no choice but to pay more attention to their surroundings. Without speed bumps drivers who are distracted give less attention to their surroundings. Forcing a driver to slow down can be the only reason the driver saw a child playing or a ball rolling in to the street. When a car is forc3ed to slow down it give the driver more time and distance to react to anything in the roadway and reduces the chance of losing control of the vehicle.
A sequence of reflective material can be added to a speed bump to make it noticeable at night or in poor light roads. This would be advantageous for locations that operate in all hours of the night, it encourages potentially sleepy drivers to be alert. A speeder catching a glimpse of reflective material may look harder at the item and slow down. This will also alleviate some of the damage to vehicles that the opposition complains so much about. Seeing a reflective strip on the ground lead to visual investigation and “most” driver will slow down until they know its safe to proceed.
Conclusion
Speed bumps are designed to slow down drivers and protect pedestrians from anxious drivers. They’re specifically made to slow down vehicles on the road, in neighborhoods, and parking lots and most often used in areas with speed limits of 35 MPH or less. Many people argue how much damage speed bumps can cause to their cars.

Sources
Rainer Spiegel 1, Parvis Farahmand, Fábio Anciães Da Silva, Jens Claassen, Roger Kalla https://eds-a-ebscohost-com.libdatab.strayer.edu/eds/detail/detail?vid=5&sid=8870197b-272a-4c36-8164-95657af2cf4a%40pdc-v-sessmgr01&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d%3d#db=i3h&AN=7070751
MICHAEL D. MILLER, TIMOTHY R. LEVINE https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9780203887011-25/persuasion-michael-miller-timothy-levine
Ramaley, Judith A. https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=&httpsredir=1&article=1021&context=pubadmin_fac
Yongjun Shin &Donghee Shin https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10630732.2016.1175826
Benefits of speed bumps https://www.businessmodulehub.com/blog/5-major-incredible-benefits-of-speed-humps/

Feedback Reflection

1) Describe the feedback you received from your instructor on Assignment 2.

My feed back was mostly positive in my assignment 2 feedback. My introduction was clear and concise which is great because I tried to make sure that I met those requirements. I was told my outline was also good because it de meet the requirements for being well organized and being logical. My conclusion needs some work because it lacked a restated thesis statement and a practical call to action. I received a well done for explaining the issues to my audience and used good examples. I was also told to do better at proofreading as i left a few errors in the paper which will be addressed in the next one.

2) Explain how you used the feedback from Assignment 2 to help improve your writing in Assignment 3. Describe specific changes you made based on feedback and how they improved your work.

I used my feedback from my instructor to restate my thesis in my conclusion, to make a more specific call to action in my paper. I also used the feedback to do a better more thorough proof reading effort as i left some errors in. I also used to feedback to reinforce the clear introduction. The feedback also helped me know that I have a good outline. It also helps me see that i have met the requirements of certain aspect of the paper and that i need to improve other aspects. These items will be address in my final draft.

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