Nursing Personal Philosophy A personal philosophy/mission statement of nursing reflects your individual beliefs and interaction with nursing. This philosop

Nursing Personal Philosophy A personal philosophy/mission statement of nursing reflects your individual beliefs and interaction with nursing. This philosop

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Nursing Personal Philosophy A personal philosophy/mission statement of nursing reflects your individual beliefs and interaction with nursing. This philosophy is not stagnant, but is ever evolving as you progress in your nursing career. As you learn and do more, your philosophy statement changes (and becomes longer!). Frequently, philosophy statements incorporate specific aspects of nursing that are important to you. Possibly you might include your theoretical basis for your nursing practice, based on the various nursing theorists that have and are contributing to the nursing profession. As you begin your career, your philosophy is naturally brief and vague. As your career progresses, so too does your philosophy.

Reflect on your current nursing practice.
Write your personal philosophy/mission statement of nursing. Include your mission statement as related to your nursing practice.
Complete this assignment in 2-3 paragraphs using proper spelling, grammar, and APA formatting. Use of citations and references as needed. History and

Philosophy of




Gail Williams, RN, MSN, FCN All

images and information from:

Faith Community Nursing

Curriculum (2014 revision)

Pre-Christian Era

 Stone Age

 Focus on physical needs and protection of self/others from


 No evidence formalized medicine or nursing

 Age of Metal

 Permanent shelters

 Domesticated animals

 Dualism

 Evil deity responsible for illness

 Benevolent deity responsible for health

 Treated by Shaman/medicine man or woman; priest-physician

Early Civilizations

 Egypt

 Medicine mystical and priestly

 Advanced knowledge developing on anatomy and surgical


 Worship of nature – animalism

 First physician – Imhotep

 God of health

 Fived somewhere between 2900-2800 BC

 Wrote first medical textbooks


 Greece

 Nursing responsibility of family or slaves

 Hippocrates, father of medicine (460-370BC)

 Worship Aesculapius (god of healing) and daughters

 Hygeia-goddess of health

 Panacea-restorer of health


 Rome

 Medicine consisted of natural and folk remedies

 Multiple Roman gods were offered libations for health and

illness favors

 Adopted many medical treatments


 Israel

 Mosaic law foundations of public health nursing

 Rules of nursing for contagious diseases

 Hospitality and charity for anyone in need

 “houses for strangers”

 First nurse – Deborah

 Defined as nurse in Old Testament

 Genesis 24:59; 35:8


 Babylonia

 Code of Hammurabi (2067-2025 BC) first legal and civil

measure for medicine

 Enrichment of drug therapy

 Concepts of hygiene, social medicine, codifying responsibilities

of physician

 Punishment for malpractice

 Nurses were slaves or domestic workers


 India

 Vedas, sacred books of Hinduism (1200BC) guided health care


 King Asoka started hospitals with male nurses – 300BC

 Islam into India in 7TH and 8TH centuries

 Diminished nursing and medicine

 r/t unsanitary to touch blood or morbid matter beliefs

Christian Era

 Diakonia

 Greek word for service

 Serving, caregiving, and healing arm of the church

 Caring for whole person

 Ministry

 Preaching

 Teaching

 Healing or serving

 Diakonia Christ’s service of walking among people healing

diseases and forgiving sins


 Early church cared for ill and visited sick

 Leaders preach and teach Acts 6:1-6

 New Testament office of deacon/deaconess held by men

and women Romans 16:1

 Theological framework comes from following Jesus’

example of serving those in need

 Approach service to others with belief that

 With mercy and compassion others will know Jesus Christ

through our example

Deaconess Education and


Germany (early 1800’s)

 Theodore Fleidner of Kaiserswerth

 Pastor

 Developed modern form of diaconate

 Established houses for those

 Ill

 Developmentally disabled

 Transitioning from prison

 Any other need

 Gathered women to provide care


 Florence Nightingale (1820-1910)

 Trained at Kaiserswerth

 Crimean War

 Elizabeth Fry (1780-1845)

 Started prison ministry

 Immigrant churches

 Imported work of deaconesses and Roman Catholic orders


 Religious based hospitals emerged

Development of Nursing

Standards and Education (1900-

21st century)
 Hospital diploma programs

 Safety standards developed

 First BSN program established in 1904

 Licensure mandatory in all states in 1947

 Associate degree programs in community colleges in 1952

 Doctoral programs

 Research focused PhD

 Practice focused DNP

 Specialty certification

 At BSN and advanced practice levels

 Health Ministry Association

 Working with ANA to seek certification of FCN as a specialty

Key Term: Faith Community


 An RN who is actively licensed in a given state and who

promotes health as wholeness of the faith community, its

groups, families, and individual members

 See Wholeness PPT for list of influential people

Key Term: Wholistic Care

 Based on an understanding that a healthcare consumer is

an interconnected unity of physical, mental, social,

environmental, and spiritual factors

Key Term: Faith Community


 The specialized practice of professional nursing that

focuses on the intentional care of the spirit as well as the

promotion of wholistic health

Key Term: FCN Scope and

Standards of Practice

 2nd edition, 2012

 Describes the unique scope of knowledge and

professionalism for the specialty practice

Granger Westberg

 Conceptualized parish nursing (later faith community

nursing) in the 1970’s with the idea of wholistic care

Wholistic Care Centers

 Westberg’s 1st Wholistic Health Center opened in Hinsdale,

Illinois in 1973

 12 more followed in diverse settings

 Westberg observed…

 interactions of patients with

 Physician

 Nurse

 Chaplain

 Realized value of a nurse in the congregation

Development of the Parish

Nurse Role

 Piloted in Tucson, Arizona in 1983 by Granger Westberg

 Model adopted by Lutheran General Hospital in 1985 (now

Advocate Health Care) in Park Ridge Illinois

 Leadership of Rev. Larry Holst

 Director Pastoral Care Lutheran General Hospital

 Sponsored program with paid nurses in six churches in many


Key Term:

Health Ministries Association

 Encourages, supports, and empowers leaders in the

integration of faith and health

History of the International

Parish Nurse Resource Center


 1985-Parish Nurse Resource Center

 1989-Health Ministries Association

 2002- International Parish Nurse Resource Center

 2011-IPRNC becomes ministry of Church Health center,

Memphis Tennessee

Work of the IPNRC

 Foundations of Faith Community Nursing curriculum

 World forum

 Westberg Symposium

Thoughts to Ponder…

 How can you use the resources of the IPNRC, HMA, Church

Health Center in your ministry?

 What is the impact of the Scope and Standards of the FCN

on your nursing practice?

Philosophy of Faith Community

Nursing Practice

 Spiritual

 Professionalism

 Wholistic

 community

FCN Preparation and


 Additional education above generalized education on

spiritual care

 Completion of the Foundations of Faith Community Nursing

course (this one!)

 Ongoing continuing education encouraged

 FCN’s must be basic level of BSN and actively licensed in

the state in which they practice


 FCN practice4 regulated by:

 ANA’s Scope and Standards of Practice for RN’s and FCN’s

 Nurse Practice Act of your state where licensed and practicing

 Nursing code of ethics

 Policies established by the faith community served

FCN Actions and Tasks

 Advocacy, education, referrals for clients

 Monitoring of the health and spiritual issues of clients

 Providing emotional and spiritual support to clients and


 Actions derived from diagnoses and assessments according

to the Scope and Standards for RN and FCN


 Nursing care for which nurse is licensed or has been

declared competent to provide

 If the nursing care is not a current skill of the nurse, referral

to appropriate caregiving service or agency

 Any care provided as a Good Samaritan in an emergency



 Create a mind map

 “Faith Community Nursing” i8n the center

 What might the ministry entail

 mind mapping templates

 Brainstorm

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