P-4 Download Hospital transformation through zero based budgetingPowerPoint presentation. The Board of Directors of Windsor Memorial Hospital has hired you

P-4 Download Hospital transformation through zero based budgetingPowerPoint presentation. The Board of Directors of Windsor Memorial Hospital has hired you

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P-4 Download Hospital transformation through zero based budgetingPowerPoint presentation. The Board of Directors of Windsor Memorial Hospital has hired you to be their zero-based budget consultant. Specify how Windsor Memorial Hospital can implement a zero-based budget and provide your recommendations to the Board of Directors of the Hospital. Explain the benefits of implementing your recommendations and justify why you are making these specific recommendations.Your paper must include an introduction, thesis, and conclusion. Your paper must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Writing Center.  Utilize three scholarly and/or peer-reviewed sources (excluding the course text) that were published within the last five years. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and provide complete references for each source used on the reference page.Read the Hospital transformation through zero based budgeting 1

Virtues and Values Title of the paper

Jacqueline Zak

Ashford University

MHA 622 Health Care Ethics & Law

Dr. Park Atatah (Ph.D.).

September 8, 2020


Virtues and Values Title Level 1 heading or header (L1)

Around the world, ethics can be looked at in different ways and are handled differently

by different groups of people. Not one group of people look at things the same, and in Health

Care professionals need to have an awareness of other practices that someone might value over

that person. Health care workers need to have a diverse way to look at things and understand

that not one human is the same. Health care works towards virtues and values, but neither are

the same thing. Understanding the difference between virtues and values is vital, and realizing

they are not the same thing is critical in health care. In this paper it will explore what the

difference between virtues and values is, the case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, and the result

of the case. Thesis statement of the paper which is required in majority of the assignments

in this class.

History of Ethics in Health Care (L1)

Early on, different cultures realized that health care needs to follow a code of ethics. The

Hippocratic Oath made in the fifth century is still a current oath that is followed in health care

and has many layers that have developed over the years to follow (Reddy & Mythri, 2016). One

of the most significant concepts of the Hippocratic Oath is not to harm another human.

However, at times health care workers must work out dilemmas that could cause harm and to put

into consideration what is the best course of action to follow.

Virtues and the differences of Values (L1)

Over time many people have debated that values and virtues are the same things, but

there are differences in virtues and values that work hand and hand. Virtues define what makes a

person good verse bad, and virtues display principles of honesty and justice (Pogzar, 2012).


Virtues are the guides of our actions that give us the result, which are the values we follow

(Pogzar, 2012). Values are the result of the action that human’s practice.

Virtues are what make a person who they are and help them to follow what is right or

wrong. If a person has good virtues, they will follow what is perceived to be the right way to

handle issues that come up and track health care guidelines that are provided by each group.

Values following through with the group and getting the result that the group inspires to perform.

Virtues and values are displayed in health care through the mission, vision, and values of the

group, and each employee expects to follow the guidelines that are displayed. Health care works

towards doing less amount of harm to any person or group of people.

In health care dilemmas, a committee is usually put together to decide what is the best

course of action and what would be the ethical right decision for a patient. However, the

decision at times does come into question by other guardians, family, or state representatives if

the course of action was correct. Yet, if a patient is sound of mind, they have the right to decide

that proper treatment. Culture and religion can play significant parts in decisions that are made,

and all health care professionals should be aware of the patient’s beliefs or want before treatment.

Tuskegee Syphilis Study (L2)

The Tuskegee Syphilis Study was done in Macon Country, Alabama, and has been

described as pure racism (Paul, & Brookes, 2015). However, over the years, different studies,

such as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, have happened without being described as racism. The

survey was conducted on African Americans who had Syphilis but was offered no treatment for

the disease (Pogzar, 2012). The study looked at the effects of the disease in African American

males and how it progressed. However, no patient was offered antibiotics that could cure the

disease in them (Pogzar, 2012). Dr. Robert White and cultural anthropologist Richard Shweder


felt that doing the study was not unethical nor racist in any way (Paul, & Brookes, 2015).

However, many have debated the fact that it was dishonest and racist due to the fact the patients

had no clue there was available treatment, and the patients could have been cured (Pogzar, 2012).

Studies on treatments happen all the time but making a patient aware of possible treatment is a

big part of ethics in health care.

Virtues and Values of the Tuskegee Study (L1)

The Tuskegee Study was working towards the result of figuring out how Syphilis can be

treated. Still, it was only limited to black African Americans who had no clue they are being

studied or that there was a treatment that was available that could cure the disease they were

suffering. Many people felt this was unethical due to health care harm is to be prevented.

However, many felt the study needed to happen to get the understanding of Syphilis and did not

see the implications that the research was unethical. The virtues of the evaluation are understood

by how Syphilis affected African Americans, but the values displayed racism, which was the

result of the study.

Conclusion (Always L1)

Virtues and values, at times, are viewed as the same thing, but they are two different

things. The virtues can be good or bad but will work towards the result, which is the values of

what is trying to achieve. In the case of the Tuskegee Study, virtues of knowledge were trying to

achieve. Still, the result only leads to some believing it was pure racism because they were only

evaluating black African American males and offered no way to treat their condition. Treatment

in the study was available, and yet the treatment was not provided to one patient who was

involved in the study. In the views of health care, this should be considered not ethical due to

health care is to strive not to harm. When health care workers start working, they swear into the


Hippocratic Oath, which clearly states not to harm no patients. (Conclusion restate your thesis

statement in a different format)


References (Always L1 starts in a new page)

Paul, C., & Brookes, B. (2015). The Rationalization of Unethical Research: Revisionist Accounts

of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study and the New Zealand “Unfortunate

Experiment.” American Journal of Public Health, 105(10), e12. https://doi-org.proxy-

Pozgar, G. (2012). Legal aspects of health care administration (12th ed.). Retrieved from

Reddy, M. S., & Mythri, S. V. (2016). Health-care Ethics and the Free Market Value

System. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 38(5), 371.



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