Reflection you will reflect on the causes and consequences of prejudice, and apply the theories and strategies of conflict resolution to a fictional situat

Reflection you will reflect on the causes and consequences of prejudice, and apply the theories and strategies of conflict resolution to a fictional situat

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 you will reflect on the causes and consequences of prejudice, and apply the theories and strategies of conflict resolution to a fictional situation.

  • Respond to the following statement:

“All those women on welfare have it made. All they do is stay home and make babies while the rest of us have to work and pay taxes to support them.”

  • Reflect on this statement in the context of what we have learned about prejudice.
  • Propose strategies that could resolve this particular prejudice.


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by repre-
sentatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed
by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 General Assembly Resolution 217 A (III) as
a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. It sets out, for the first time, fundamental human
rights to be universally protected.


Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and
of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of
the human family is the foundation of freedom, jus-
tice and peace in the world,

Whereas disregard and contempt for human
rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have
outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent
of a world in which human beings shall enjoy free-
dom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and
want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of
the common people,

Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be com-
pelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion
against tyranny and oppression, that human rights
should be protected by the rule of law,

Whereas it is essential to promote the develop-
ment of friendly relations between nations,

Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have
in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental
human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human
person and in the equal rights of men and women
and have determined to promote social progress and
better standards of life in larger freedom,

Whereas Member States have pledged themselves
to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations,
the promotion of universal respect for and observance
of human rights and fundamental freedoms,

Whereas a common understanding of these rights
and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full
realization of this pledge,

HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of
achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end
that every individual and every organ of society,
keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall
strive by teaching and education to promote respect
for these rights and freedoms and by progressive
measures, national and international, to secure their
universal and effective recognition and observance,
both among the peoples of Member States themselves
and among the peoples of territories under their ju-

Article 1.
All human beings are born free and equal in digni-
ty and rights. They are endowed with reason and
conscience and should act towards one another in a
spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2.
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms
set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of
any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion,
political or other opinion, national or social origin,
property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no dis-
tinction shall be made on the basis of the political,
jurisdictional or international status of the country or
territory to which a person belongs, whether it be
independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any
other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3.
Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security
of person.

Article 4.
No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slav-
ery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their

Article 5.
No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel,
inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6.
Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere
as a person before the law.

Article 7.
All are equal before the law and are entitled with-
out any discrimination to equal protection of the law.
All are entitled to equal protection against any dis-
crimination in violation of this Declaration and
against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8.
Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by
the competent national tribunals for acts violating the
fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or

Universal Declaration of Human Rights


by law.

Article 9.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, de-
tention or exile.

Article 10.
Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and
public hearing by an independent and impartial tri-
bunal, in the determination of his rights and obliga-
tions and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11.
(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the
right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty
according to law in a public trial at which he has had
all the guarantees necessary for his defence.

(2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal of-
fence on account of any act or omission which did
not constitute a penal offence, under national or in-
ternational law, at the time when it was committed.
Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one
that was applicable at the time the penal offence was

Article 12.
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference
with his privacy, family, home or correspondence,
nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Eve-
ryone has the right to the protection of the law
against such interference or attacks.

Article 13.
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement
and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country,
including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14.
(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in
other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) This right may not be invoked in the case of
prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political
crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and
principles of the United Nations.

Article 15.
(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his na-
tionality nor denied the right to change his nationali-

Article 16.
(1) Men and women of full age, without any limita-
tion due to race, nationality or religion, have the right
to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to

equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the
free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental
group unit of society and is entitled to protection by
society and the State.

Article 17.
(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as
well as in association with others.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his

Article 18.
Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, con-
science and religion; this right includes freedom to
change his religion or belief, and freedom, either
alone or in community with others and in public or
private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching,
practice, worship and observance.

Article 19.
Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and
expression; this right includes freedom to hold opin-
ions without interference and to seek, receive and
impart information and ideas through any media and

Article 20.
(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful
assembly and association.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an asso-

Article 21.
(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the gov-
ernment of his country, directly or through freely
chosen representatives.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public
service in his country.
(3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the
authority of government; this will shall be expressed
in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by
universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by se-
cret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22.
Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to
social security and is entitled to realization, through
national effort and international co-operation and in
accordance with the organization and resources of
each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights
indispensable for his dignity and the free develop-
ment of his personality.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights


Article 23.
(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of
employment, to just and favourable conditions of
work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the
right to equal pay for equal work.
(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and
favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his
family an existence worthy of human dignity, and
supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social
(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade
unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24.
Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, includ-
ing reasonable limitation of working hours and peri-
odic holidays with pay.

Article 25.
(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living
adequate for the health and well-being of himself and
of his family, including food, clothing, housing and
medical care and necessary social services, and the
right to security in the event of unemployment, sick-
ness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of
livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
(2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to spe-
cial care and assistance. All children, whether born in
or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protec-

Article 26.
(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education
shall be free, at least in the elementary and funda-
mental stages. Elementary education shall be compul-
sory. Technical and professional education shall be
made generally available and higher education shall
be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full develop-
ment of the human personality and to the strengthen-
ing of respect for human rights and fundamental
freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance
and friendship among all nations, racial or religious
groups, and shall further the activities of the United
Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of
education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27.
(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in
the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts
and to share in scientific advancement and its bene-
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the
moral and material interests resulting from any scien-

tific, literary or artistic production of which he is the

Article 28.
Everyone is entitled to a social and international
order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in
this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29.
(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which
alone the free and full development of his personality
is possible.
(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, eve-
ryone shall be subject only to such limitations as are
determined by law solely for the purpose of securing
due recognition and respect for the rights and free-
doms of others and of meeting the just requirements
of morality, public order and the general welfare in a
democratic society.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be
exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of
the United Nations.

Article 30.

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as
implying for any State, group or person any right to
engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at
the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set
forth herein.

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