Science Guiding Question- How the processes of the water cycle (evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, infiltration, and runoff) depend

Science Guiding Question- How the processes of the water cycle
(evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, infiltration, and runoff) depend

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Guiding Question- How  the processes of the water cycle
(evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, infiltration, and runoff) depend upon the
Sun’s energy to cycle water on Earth.

Claim- An answer to the question

Evidence-  proof or data

Reasoning- Explanation of your evidence

1

Term Scientific Definition Application in Water Cycle

evaporation when a liquid changes to its gaseous state
Water has enough energy to leave its liquid

state and become water vapor.

condensation when a gas changes to its liquid state
Water vapor molecules cool down high in the
atmosphere and form droplets and then drops

of water.

precipitation
any form of condensed

water falling back to
Earth’s surface

With certain temperature and atmospheric
pressure conditions, droplets of water in

clouds join together to form larger, heavier
drops. Rain, snow, sleet, or hail falls to

Earth’s surface.

transpiration
process of evaporation of
water from the leaves of

plants

Plants absorb water from the soil. As they
open tiny pores in their leaves to take in
carbon dioxide for photosynthesis, some
water escapes (along with oxygen) and

evaporates, becoming water vapor in the
atmosphere.

infiltration process of rainwater soaking into the ground
Rainwater soaks into the ground, through soil

and porous underground rock, becoming
groundwater.

runoff
water that flows over land

until it joins with rivers,
lakes, and oceans

Much of the precipitation that returns to
Earth’s surface is unable to be absorbed and
flows downhill over Earth’s surface, collecting

minerals and soil) until it joins with rivers,
lakes, and oceans.

Scenario

Scientists have collected a significant amount of data about the water cycle and the six main
processes of the water cycle: evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, infiltration,
and runoff. Some of the collected data can be observed in the scientific definitions and the diagram
of the water cycle below.

6E3B The Water Cycle

2

Based on the evidence, write a scientific description of how of the processes of the water cycle
(evaporation, condensation, precipitation, transpiration, infiltration, and runoff) depend upon the
Sun’s energy to cycle water on Earth.

6E3B The Water Cycle

3

Claim

Evidence

Reasoning

6E3B The Water Cycle

4

Rebuttal (Optional)

4

6E3B The Water Cycle

Points
Awarded

2 1 0

Claim Student makes an accurate
and complete claim.

Student makes a
claim that is
inaccurate or
incomplete.

Student does not
make a claim.

Evidence Student makes use of all
pieces of available evidence,
uses labels, and addresses
variables.

Student provides
some pieces of
accurate evidence
but does not make
use of all available
evidence.

Student does not
provide evidence or
only provides
inappropriate or
vague evidence.

Reasoning Student connects evidence to
the claim and uses scientific
principles and vocabulary.

Student cites a
reason, but it is
inaccurate or does
not support the claim.
Student’s reasoning
does not use
scientific terminology
or uses it
inaccurately.

Student does not
connect the evidence
to the claim.

Rubric for Writing a Scientific Explanation

6E3B The Water Cycle

5

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